Recreational tourism. Tourism for recreation and other special kinds of entertainment


Tourism concept. Leisure and tourism


Tourism concept. In the current scientific literature, numerous ways of delineating the concept of “tourism” have been described. These methods are all described in great detail in the works of the authors IV Zorin and VA Kvartalnov. In addition, there are geographic marketing, economical industrial, and other methods.

In Russia, this notion is codified in the law. It is a part of the Federal Law “On Amendments to the Federal Law” on the Basics of the Tourism Industry in the Russian Federation ” defines tourism as “temporary travel (trips) of residents who are citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless individuals from their permanent residence for recreational, medical education, sports commercial, religious and for other reasons without participation in activities that generate revenue from sources within the nation (place) that is temporary residency.


1 – Temporary removal of individuals from their permanent residence for health, vacation, or educational reasons not engaged in paid work in the temporarily residing (Legislative Act provides “On the Basic Principles of Cooperation between the CIS Member States in the Field of Tourism” of persons who are away from their permanent residence for health, vacation, or educational purposes (L ).

2. The activities of those who live and travel in areas that aren’t their usual home for no more than one year for recreation, work, or other reasons (United Nations Statistics Commission 1993).

3. A particular type of transportation of individuals along the road to go to certain places or satisfy a professional’s curiosity.

4. The type of travel used for educational, leisure, or commercial-specific for specific purposes.

5. Moving (movement) is a term used to describe the absence of the residence of a permanent resident and the element of a temporary home that is important. For example, the Manila Declaration on World Tourism stated: “Tourism is understood as an activity of great importance in the lives of peoples by its direct impact on the social, cultural, educational and economic spheres of the life of nations and their international relations.”


6. physical and mental training delivered by the human and social purposes of tourism, such as sanitation, pedagogical, and sports.

7. an intelligent way of managing leisure and leisure activities.

8. A segment of the economy that caters to those who are located from their permanent home and also part of the market where companies from traditional economic sectors come together to provide their goods and services to tour companies.


9. The range of scientific and practical tasks to organize and implement tourism-related business, excursions, hotels, and resorts.

University of Bern professors W provided the first and most precise definitions of tourism. They defined the term “tourism” as a set of events and connections that result from people’s travels insofar as it doesn’t result in permanent residence and is not tied to the opportunity to receive any benefit.

By one of the earliest official definitions adopted in 1954 by the United Nations 1954, tourism is an active form of recreation which affect the improvement of the physical and mental health of an individual involved in moving away from the permanent place of residence. A more detailed definition of the term is offered by the Academy of Tourism of Monte Carlo: Tourism is a broad concept that covers all types of temporary removal of individuals from their permanent residence for recreation purposes or to fulfill educational needs in their spare time, or to fulfill commercial and professional reasons, without being paid to do so at the location of temporary residence.


In the World Tourism Conference (Madrid 1981), tourism is described as one of several kinds of active recreation. This is travel conducted to acquire knowledge about particular regions and new nations and is incorporated into many countries by incorporating elements of sports. However, it is worth noting that tourism trips are restricted to only the temporal (more than one time period of more than a) or spatial (moving to another location) requirements.

The Hague Declaration on Tourism (1989) tourism is defined as the freedom of travel of people away from their homes and work and the industry of service designed to meet the demands caused by these moves. Legally speaking, from a point standpoint, tourism represents the whole range of interactions and services that are associated with a short-term and voluntary changing of residence of an individual traveling for personal or other motives.


From the perspective of economics, the field of tourism is viewed as a vast economic system that has numerous connections between the various elements within the context of the economy of each state as well as the relations of the economy of the nation with the global economy in general. as a sector in economic activities, it includes the sale and production of goods and services related to tourism from various companies that possess the resources for tourism.

In the sphere of socio-cultural, tourism appears as a distinct kind of inter-personal activity that, under the circumstances of the globalization of our lives, is now a method of leisure that is an instrument for interpersonal relationships that are a result of economic, political, and cultural interactions and is among the main factors. Assess the quality of life.


For recreation purposes, tourism is the temporary relocation of individuals from their primary home to another location or country within their country during the spare time of their primary work to meet the demands for entertainment, leisure education, and health improvement, as well as to address any other or occupational issues, but with no paid jobs in the area which is visited.

In 1993 the United Nations Statistical Commission adopted a definition that was later adopted by the World Trade Organization and widely employed in international practice ” Tourism covers the activities of individuals who visit and stay in areas that aren’t their normal surroundings for a time not more than one year in a row to pursue work, leisure or other reasons. According to this definition, there are three major factors that define tourism that is: the first) departure from the typical environment) the duration of the trip, and c) the reason for the travel.

Recreation is typically described as “rest, recovery of the person’s strength expended in the process of labor.” However, the idea of recreation is more obscure and emotionally colored than the rest, making it more delicate. It’s best for applied and experimental research projects, while other concepts are better to use as fundamental concepts in the “work” category.

The definition of entertainment is vast. It encompasses short-term leisure activities (from minor causes at work to breaks for smoking at work and other common types of leisure), long-term leisure activities on annual holidays and vacations, and a weekly interval. In the first, recreation is not a step beyond the normal scope of life or the human production process, while in the second case, it represents an ongoing change to the usual way of living. Both the first as well as the second type of recreation are required for the everyday existence of a person regardless of social standing.

In contrast to leisure, tourism, in terms of socioeconomic and content, was initially geared toward the notion of leisure. Tourism is a broad concept that reflects the complex nature of the phenomenon itself. It is a movement of people and business sectors of the national and global economy, as well as the realm of intercultural interactions. The list below does not provide all of the theories for tourism.

In foreign and domestic written works, tourism is usually described as a “conceptual framework.” The inside of it is filled with particular activities of an individual during his absence from his everyday surroundings, such as health improvement, understanding of the environment and leisure, visits to family and friends, participating in professional and business events, and the worship of religious shrines (pilgrimage) as well as treatment, etc.


When tourism began to break out of being in the “shadow” of the problems of leisure and received its voice. There was an increasing awareness of the necessity to make a more apparent distinction between leisure and tourism and the removal of stark scientific contradictions that connect these two terms. The main differences between the two are, first thing, the nature of concepts and the content. The primary difference between tourism and leisure lies in the differing proportion of biological, social (socio-economic), and physical aspects.

The two fields are also different in terms of scale. Leisure refers to activities that can be performed within the framework of everyday life. Tourism, however, is a complete omission of daily routine, routine, and routine. The only requirement for it is a significant shift in environment, which is not typical of human living. Based on this, the short-term cultural, recreational education, recreational and other types of activities, which are similar to tourism but are conducted in the everyday environment of people, do not fall within the “conceptual framework” of tourism.

The scope of ideas under consideration differs because travel for official reasons (without earning income from business travel) is an essential aspect of tourism. In contrast, leisure is not a part of the activities of a professional. So, the movement of tourism is not always purely recreational or tourism-related.

A unique viewpoint regarding the relationship between tourism, work, and leisure comes from the perspective of the English geographer S. Hall Wes. Beige. They showed their model as a sketch (Fig. 1.1). The dots in the figure indicate that the lines between the concepts in question are blurred. Leisure is not the same as work. However, there are two distinct zones of overlap and complementary between them: business tourism and “serious” leisure (training, social and intellectual activities, etc. ).

Rice. 1.1 The relationship between notions that are “work,” “leisure,” “recreation,” and “tourism.”

In the evolution of this notion in Western science, there is “pure” tourism (business, education); “pure” entertainment (short-term leisure activity that is part of the context of daily life), and the transitional form, medical or recreational tourism as well as different types of border tourism. Some kinds of tourism, such as academic, cultural, sports, and religious, are in a middle position within “pure” and recreational tourism. At the same time, other types (tours in the countryside) are located on the border between leisure tourists and “pure” entertainment.


In the context of domestic life, There is usually an outline of the fundamental elements of leisure and travel. In this model, the primary internal forces of people include the need to rest physiologically (entertainment) and the necessity for movement (spatial activities). In the wake of the stimulation of the knowledge aspect, leisure in a broad meaning and the concept of tourism is a type of travel that can be created. If stimulated by activity or movement.

The social aspect of the activities of individuals can be linked to travel, leisure and tourism. To some extent, they could be classified as a social phenomenon. Tourism is an economic activity, and entertainment is social. The question of proportions isn’t valid because tourism encompasses activities, not within the realm of entertainment. In addition, leisure is a range of activities that aren’t tourism-related.

Tourism for recreation and other kinds of entertainment


Leisure tourism This is the practice of moving people who are free to relax, which is essential for restoring the mental and physical health of an individual. This kind of tourism is widespread in several countries around the globe.

Recreational tourism may be classified into different types, such as tourist, recreation, and educational. Every type is a type of travel (that requires) the use of its particular specific type in terms of resources for entertainment. The recreational resource is considered an intricately managed and partly autonomous system comprising several interconnected subsystems: tourists as well as cultural and natural territorial complexes, technical systems staff members, and administration bodies.


The natural features of the recreational area include the capacity and size as well as the climatic and comfort existence of bodies of water, primarily for balneological qualities and the aesthetic qualities of landscapes, etc. The perfect combination of these attributes forms the basis for the growth of recreation tourism.

For the recreational and tourist type, these are climate elements that, together with the mineral water sources and curative muds, create favorable conditions for a resort-like complex. For an informed tourist, along with the mentioned above, historical and cultural potential is required.


Regarding territoriality, several critical recreational zones of the Russian Federation can be distinguished. In forest-steppe, forest coastal, and mountainous zones, there’s a chance nearly all the time to arrange holiday resorts for rehabilitation and medical purposes in addition to tourism and mass recreation. The most popular recreational activities of this kind, often described as passive, involve sunbath and air bathing during rest, typically in the beach environment, with naked individuals. This kind of activity has strict rules about the weather.

Chapter nineteen

The second kind is active recreation, such as walks, sports games, etc. Certain types of second-rate leisure include relaxation and knowledge of nature and surroundings. In Russia, over 60 million people go to cultural places, historical sites, and natural sights each year. Traveling does not just boost energy levels. However, it also offers many practical details regarding a wide range of resources in the natural environment and different types of leisure and entertainment, such as watching wildlife such as birds, fish, and more. . Recreational activities that involve water include, for instance, fishing and exploring nature in water bodies. Swimming for relaxation in boats with no motors.


This type of outdoor leisure can also include attending concerts as well as sporting activities outdoors, including diverse sports, like beach volleyball, soccer, and more.

Certain kinds of recreation. Certain types of recreational, leisure, and outdoor leisure activities like rock climbing and windsurfing can be described as particular forms of entertainment. They typically require not just special requirements for gear (the presence of mountains or a soaring sea wave) however but also require various sports equipment and gear. This category also encompasses traditional forms of activities like hunting, horseback riding, snowboarding, downhill skiing, and more.

Certain wild recreation activities like cycling, walking, running, or cycling might require special conditions. Therefore, the widespread popularity of walking and running is mainly because you can walk and run practically anywhere, whether it’s an area near your home or an open play area or a park that is a municipal one with running routes that are specially designed. Additionally, “terrestrial” types of a recreation like skiing, hiking, and so on are a lot more demanding of equipment and conditions that make it challenging to participate in these types of entertainment and consequently decrease their appeal; however, nonetheless, the number of people participating in these kinds of activities is extremely high.


20.1. Human biological adaptation

In general, we can state with complete certainty that the demand for entertainment will only increase. This means raising the standard and increasing the number of leisure services and facilities. The growing gap between the growing quantity of entertainment participants and the number of people who live there is a sign of an increasing impact of entertainment on human lives. It is important to note that nearly all forms of recreational activities are in some way or another connected to natural resources. The popularity of these kinds of recreation that in some way leads to an abrupt loss of these resources or the degrading of the natural ecosystem has decreased significantly in recent times.


As a result of the advancement of science and technological progress, people have more time to enjoy leisure and leisure, previously related to lying on the couch at weekends or by the sea during the holidays. Nowadays, active recreational activities are popular and can be beneficial to the body. Recreation is intended to restore the physical and spiritual capabilities of an individual in everyday situations.

Different types of self-recreation

This kind of recreation is the existence of specific natural resources. They are identified by:

  • Beautiful landscape
  • medicinal properties;
  • Historical value
  • Geographical availability.



Recreational activities are categorized into conditional classifications based on the kind of resources. For the health-enhancing and tourist kind of recreation, a mix is needed:

  • certain climatic conditions that favor the development of the human body’s condition;
  • Thermal or mineral springs.
  • A therapeutic pool of mud is in the vicinity.


Based on their principles, recreational tourism facilities are being built, resorts that include a variety of medical processes. The tourist and educational program does not place rigid requirements on the climatic conditions. It includes:

  • Increased physical activity – cycling or walking, various kinds of activities, swimming;
  • Cultural and entertainment events;
  • General strengthening techniques increase the immune system’s ability to resist external forces.



The importance of recovery from travel

The objectives of leisure tourism:

  • improving the physical and spiritual well-being of a person
  • Strengthening and prevention of the immune system.
  • Give you a restful night’s sleep;
  • high creativity;
  • maintain continuous performance;
  • Resistance to the stress load.


Europe is the world’s leader in domestic tourism.

Each country has a range of historic or natural sites governed by leisure tourists. Its worth is determined by the amount of demand from tourists. This is particularly true for areas rich in natural resources and complemented by the potential of history and culture. The most appealing are European countries, where the most significant amount of tourism flows is evident over half the total.


The region is also distinguished by the efficiency of the utilization of its resources, as well as the inter-European nature of the tourism exchange. This contributes to:

  • developed leisure tourism infrastructure;
  • high-quality transport communications, well-equipped
  • strengthening the cultural and economic relations between the countries;
  • an income that is high for the population
  • Variety of entertainment sources.
  • There is no stress with travel arrangements.

Most Wanted Countries

The top three destinations for inbound tourism in France, Italy, and Spain. About 20% of tourists flow come from France. A country that is attractive:

  • Amazing landscapes
  • Picturesque valleys
  • Alpine ski slopes.
  • Luxury resorts along the Cote d’Azur.


France also has a plethora of tourist potential in terms of culture-historical cities, ancient fortresses, lavish castles, and palaces of the past, as well as the elegant cathedral architecture and art deco.

The Spanish Mediterranean beaches are among the most well-known leisure sources. Due to their subtropical and mild climate, they’ve become the preferred destination for vacations for visitors. Particularly fascinating is the stunning architecture, that amazingly combines Roman and Moorish customs.



The leisure tourism industry in Italy provides a variety of ways to unwind:

  • coastal resorts with well-developed infrastructure for water entertainment;
  • Ski resorts located in the foothills of the Alps;
  • learn more about the vast historical and cultural treasures of the ancient Roman civilization as well as the Renaissance;
  • Famous Italian cuisine.


Southeast Asia

Of all the tourist destinations that are available, the Asia-Pacific zone is the largest. Despite its remoteness from the tourist areas that are found in Europe and America, the growth of tourism for recreation is growing with speed. The main motives to travel to the area are:


  • Strange nature
  • Educational and cultural excursions.
  • An excellent beach holiday
  • Local food
  • Advanced entertainment industry.


Thailand is among the most appealing exotic nations. Organically, it combines:

  • beautiful mountain scenery and white sandy beaches
  • exotic tropical plants and massive statues
  • Beautiful skyscrapers and historic architectural landmarks.


Thailand Leisure Tourism Program allows you to: Thailand Leisure Tourism Program allows you to:

  • You can choose to spend your vacation on an island that is remote;
  • Go diving in the clear waters of the coast;
  • Take part in an unforgettable safari
  • Climbing mountains to see waterfalls.
  • Enjoy a relaxing time at The waterpark.



The main direction of traditional Thai therapy is massage which allows you to recover from various ailments. Thais believe that massage is a viable alternative to modern medicine.



holidays in Africa

On the North African coast, recreational tourism is represented by a collection of climate-friendly resorts in Tunisia in Tunisia, and Morocco. Adventure safaris are a favorite in the protected regions that are located in East Africa. Its underwater paradise of Seychelles featuring its beautiful coral reefs and stunning wildlife is a top destination for divers from all over the world.

Russian regions

There are plenty of opportunities for organizing diverse forms of entertainment offered by the vast recreational possibilities of Russia that are highlighted by:

  • A variety of reliefs and climate conditions.
  • rich in natural resources;
  • The existence of a vast amount of objects for educational and cultural significance.

The leisure tourism geography in Russia is covered by 15 regions that are grouped into four big regions:

  • The northern region of the European portion of Russia is rich in cultural and natural assets and its closeness to Scandinavia can be used to encourage travel and tourism.
  • The bulk of the nation’s history is situated within the Central region.
  • Siberia as well as Siberia and the Far East are characterized by an extremely harsh climate as well as a low density of population;
  • These regions in the south have always been popular destinations for vacations for citizens of the nation.


These areas require the large-scale organization of the infrastructure for tourism and professional training for personnel.



Tourism for recreation

Leisure tourism refers to the movement of individuals who are able to use their leisure time to take a break, which is vital to restore the physical and mental power of an individual. In many countries all over the globe, this form of tourism is prevalent and extensive. In order to develop this kind of tourism, recreation resources are required. Recreational resources comprise the most significant portion of the region’s natural resources. Additionally, their importance in the creation and growth of tourism as a modern region is continuously growing, particularly from a geographic and ecological standpoint.


The recreational resources are assessed using an assessment factor-by-factor of each element (relief water bodies, soils and vegetation cover bioclimate, mineral waters, and natural healing resources that are unique historic and cultural value as well as other potentialities. ) from the standpoint of their use in specific types of tourism.

Leisure tourism can be classified into several categories:

Types of tourism and recreation

Cognitive tourism type

Every type needs each type of recreation resource. Recreational resources are regarded as an elaborately-managed and partly autonomous system made up of several interconnected subsystems: holidaymakers as well as cultural and natural territorial complexes, technological systems as well as service personnel, and the administration. The development of natural features is the extent and the capacity of the recreation zone climate as well as the existence of bodies of water, precisely the beneficial properties of balneological water and the aesthetic characteristics of landscapes, and so on. The best combination of these features will provide the foundation needed for the growth of recreation tourism.



In the case of the first, they are the climatic elements that, when combined with mineral springs and therapeutic mud, can create the ideal conditions for the development of a resort-like complex. The second type is, in addition to the above, there is cultural and historical potential. In terms of territoriality, several critical recreational zones of the Russian Federation can be distinguished. Forest-steppe, forest, and coastal zones offer opportunities to organize large-scale recreation and tourism holidays for rehabilitation and medical treatment almost every day of the year. Let’s look closer at the mountainous coastal region. The coastal zone mainly comprises areas such as the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus from Anapa to Sochi and the mountains of the Caucasian Mineralnye Vody. The biomedical evaluation of the weather and climatic circumstances in resorts along the coast is done by finding out the potential of various kinds of rehabilitation and leisure activities that can be performed in these conditions. The most common types of climatic and leisure activities that are offered in resorts with sea views are serotherapy (breathing sea air and air baths) and Thalassotherapy (sea bathing) as well as heliotherapy (general solar radiation, as well as its particular forms) and Kinesiotherapy. The latter involves walking along the shoreline and beach activities, active swimming, rowing, and various water activities. Combinations of these kinds of recreational activities are typical. Therefore, when staying on the beach, the effects of aero-helio-thalasso-kinesis are usually combined. Walking along the beach can be described as aerobatics or Helio-keno, for instance. Despite the fantastic range and complexity of recreational activities, two major kinds of recreation are distinct, based on climate and weather conditions in various ways. Recreational activities of the first type can be described as passive. This includes air bathing, sunbathing, and sunbathing on its own. It’s typically done at the beach. People who are naked. This kind of activity requires strict rules for the weather. Another type of recreation is active leisure, which includes walks, sporting games, and so on. Apart from passive relaxation, Active is distinguished in the first place, due to the nature of the physical activity that increases heat production. Additionally, when engaging in active recreation, it is commonplace for people to wear clothing. Even though in this situation light clothing that has an energy level of 0.5-1.0 KLO is typically utilized, as is increased temperature production, this can make less comfortable air temperatures when compared to passive recreational. The requirements for weather are not as strict when compared to passive recreation. Let’s consider each of these areas in isolation. In addition, during active sports, the majority of people wear clothing. Even though in this situation lightweight clothing with thermal protection levels of 0.5-1.0 KLO is typically utilized, as is increased temperature production, this can make less comfortable air temperatures in comparison to passive leisure. The requirements for weather are not as strict in comparison to passive recreation. Let’s examine each one in isolation. Second, when they are active the majority of people wear clothing. Even though in this situation light clothing that has thermal protection of 0.5-1.0 KLO is typically employed, and with an increase in temperature production, this can make less comfortable air temperatures when compared to passive recreational. Conditions for outdoor recreation are less strict in comparison to passive recreation. Let’s take each of these areas in isolation.


Black Sea coast of the Caucasus

It is the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is a fantastic place to be when evaluating its potential for recreation. It’s distinguished by an extremely high concentration of cognitive objects that are both historical and cultural. In this region, there are excellent conditions for improving health in addition to sports and tourism. The coast, which is 350 kilometers long is almost entirely built with boarding houses, sanatoriums, hotels, and tourist camps The density of recreation infrastructure is among the densest in Russia. This all determines the Russian and international significance that is this region of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and permits it to be able to achieve health-enhancing education, sports, and medical purposes.



Beginning from Kerch Strait, which runs to where it joins Abkhazia on the Black Sea coast, stretches the most popular area for relaxation, treatment, and tourism within Russia and beyond – it’s the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. This coast in the Caucasus is the only region in the country where warm waters, picturesque palm trees, and high mountains can coexist. This is why, here at the narrow end of the subtropical ocean coastline between both the mountains and ocean, thousands of people congregate every year, thirsty for the sea, the scorching heat, and the southern beauty. Anapa, Gelendzhik, Tuapse, and Sochi These catchy names are often associated with health and most restful sleep.


It is located on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus Russia’s southern outpost. It’s located at the same latitude (43 deg – 45 deg N) that the other resorts in the Adriatic Sea, the Italian and the French Riviera, and in many aspects, resembles them with its appearance.

Administratively, this area includes Tuapse, and Gelendzhik regions of the Krasnodar Territory as well as resort towns.

Sochi, Anapa.

Climate weather

The main factor that influences resorts on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is the subtropical humid weather of the Mediterranean kind. The time with the most pleasant conditions for relaxation runs from May 7-10 until October 20-25. In these months, every month, more than 20 days of the best weather conditions for rest and treatment. Temperatures, humidity and wind speed, precipitation, and cloudiness and sunlight, are ideal for each person in question as the sun shines for between 2200 and 2400 hours each throughout the year in the warmer months. With only 8-12 days of cloudiness. In addition, the Black Sea ridge of the Greater Caucasus surrounds the coastal strip like an amphitheater, guarding it against the penetration of cold winds coming from the east and north. However, humid sea air can flow easily out of the West, easing the summer cold and winter heat. In addition to storms, an enormous quantity of precipitation is brought to us via the sea.


Its climate in the Black Sea region is characterized by mild, unpredictable weather patterns, with rainy winters and average monthly temperatures between +2 and +8 C and very warm, that is, temperatures as high as +20 and +24 deg C and summers with dry weather. The skies are clear or slightly cloudy. The temperatures during the daytime, even in winter, occasionally rise to +15 or +20 C, and in summer, up to +30 or +32 degrees C. But it is easy to be endured due because of the wind and close proximity to the mountain ranges. Average annual temperatures for air temperatures of +12 and +14 deg C are among the highest in Russia.

The annual amount of rainfall ranges from 600-700 millimeters in the north, to 1,500 to 1,600 millimeters within the southern part of the Black Sea region, and up to 2,500 millimeters on the mountain slopes. This should not be a problem for holidaymakers: most rainfall falls in the colder months, between November and March. The dryest months are June, May, and July. Furthermore, during the summer, the rain doesn’t cause any problems – just a few hours of mild rain followed by thunderstorms, and then the sun comes out. After rain, it is filled with fresh flowers, the tart scent, and the calming scent of cypress and pine needles.


The beaches along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus are distinguished by their low indentation, simplicity, and straight lines. In many locations, there are damaged (eroded) beaches. For instance, there is an area of land between Sochi and Matsesta. With landslides and coastal erosion, An active battle is taking place. Breakwaters and walls protect the Gully – a unique characteristic of the coast’s landscape. In certain areas, the mountains’ spurs extend straight to the shoreline, creating capes and strange rocks that protrude into the ocean: Utrish, Indokopas, Kodosh, Sail, and Kiseleva rocks are intriguing rocks that are frequently frequented by tourists. In between Anapa between Khosta and Khosta, numerous Ryas bays arose due to the sinking of the coast and were full of sediments from a variety of mountain rivers. Sea plains with pebbles that extend into the ocean as wide flat causes (Adlerovsky Sochi-Bytkh) also form due to the accumulative activity of rivers that carry massive amounts of deadly chemicals from mountains. The rias’ beaches and large headlands are completely covered by lush subtropical evergreen vegetation.


North of Anapa The coast here is distinct. Sand beaches with low estuary levels are common in this area. A few estuaries managed connect sandy spits , and transform the salt lake into a salt one. Blagoveshchenskaya along with Bugazskaya are natural marvels in the northern part of the zone. Further to the north, on the sloping southern shores in the Taman Peninsula, the ancient caps consisting of Panagia, Gelezny Rog and Tmutarakan that lie between them are fascinating for tourists.

The characteristics of Black Sea beaches are related to the natural features of the coastlines. Between Adler to Olginka, the majority of pebble and pebble beaches are spread in a strip that is twenty to eighty meters. In between Gelendzhik and Anapa, the narrow shores of pebbles are prevalent, and to Anapa’s north Anapa beaches, the yellow-white sands shimmer in the sun. They are comprehensive and highly convenient for families with kids. In areas where piles of boulders and stones extend directly into the ocean, and there are no natural beaches. Even here, in the Divnomorskoye – Dzhankhot, Dzhubga – Agria, and Loo – Dagomys sections, you will always find a suitable descent into the sea between the rocks. You can also you can hide in a rocky pebble patch. The wild, intimate holiday also has its appeal.

One of the most distinctive features of The Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is the dissected relief mixed with multi-colored and green strange plants. Green vegetation, vibrant shades of fruits and flowers, and a swathe of terrain creates an extraordinary variety of landscapes. They also provide a soothing and relaxing impact on a person’s mind. The mountains themselves, as well as the natural features that are associated with their formation: valleys, rocks, caves, karst gorges, and waterfalls on mountain streams attract hikers, climbers, and speleologists. Chestnut-chestnut forests are located in small lowlands close to the ocean with evergreen plants and a wide variety of exotic subtropical plants like palm trees, yuccas magnolias, and acacias. In the northern part regions, the steppe with a high proportion of grasses is a direct route towards the sea. There are everywhere orchards, vineyards as well as tea plantations, citrus plants, and Tung.


Many times, along the ocean, between urban and village zones, small (400-800 meters) mountains and small hills, surrounded by majestic oak and hornbeam forest abound: Blyakho, Flatakh, Mosi, Suetkha, Akhun. At a distance of 10-20km from the ocean, ridges of moderate height (800-200 meters) extend Alek, Egosh, Amoko, and Takhtab, on the slopes where beech and spruce forests grow. Further to the East, there are ridges as well as individual massive massifs of the mountains high in the Main Caucasus Range rise: Chugush (3238m), Achishkho (2391m), Fisht (2867m). At the top of the decks,, one can observe the rocky peaks, as well as glaciers that abut the slopes. The snow-capped mountain slopes close to Krasnaya Polyana can be used for skiing between November and May.


The variety of plants that grow in this area is impressive. Around 6,000 species of plants thrive here. There are over 100 plants found only within the Black Sea region. For instance, boxwood, yew, and Pitsunda pine. There are several relict species in this area that are evidence of the past geological times – like cherry laurel Pontic Rhododendron Colchis holly. These and other stunning species can be seen in the many parks and squares in townships along the coast, on visits to forest arboretums and gardens, including the distinctive Khost U-Box grove.


Sochi is a beach, foothill, and climatic resort located in a humid subtropical zone, on an area of the Black Sea coastal strip of the Krasnodar Territory that spans 145 kilometers. It is the resort that Sochi comprises areas such as the Adler, Khostinsky, Central, and Lazarevsky districts. It is boiling in summer. The average temperature in July is +23 deg C. The autumn months are warmer than spring and partly cloudy and long. The winters are mild, with no solid snow covering. The season of bathing at sea extends for more than five months throughout the year. From the beginning of May until October, when the sea’s temperature can reach +26 +28 Celsius in August. In the Sochi zone, the ocean never freezes, and the sea’s temperature is greater than the temperature of the atmosphere for seven months (September-March).


The resorts in Tuapse region. Tuapse region comprises coastal climatic resorts that are located on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus from northwest to southeast, covering around 100 kilometers. The part includes resorts and areas such as Agony Gizel-Dere Dzhubga, Lermontovo, Novomikhailovsky, Debug, Olginka, Sheps. The climate is fantastic. Subtropical Mediterranean. Moderately humid mountains protect the coastline from the dry, saline steppe winds. Summer is hot in August + with 23C.

Gelendzhik resort is a seaside climate and balneological beach resorts in the Mediterranean type. It includes resorts and areas like Arkhipo-Osipovka Betta, Gelendzhik, Divnomorskoye, Dzhanhot, Kabardinka, and Krinitsa. The climate is coastal, with an assortment of warm hills. The winters here are milder and more generous than in Novorossiysk, and the summers are more relaxed than in Sochi. The summer is sweltering (24 degrees Celsius during July) with cloudy days (the number of days without rain is 41! ). The autumn is mild, and winter is mild. The continuous cloudiness of the skies and the cleanliness of the air make the sun particularly radiant. The swimming season begins in May and lasts until October. The beach is narrow, rocky, or pebbly. Seafloors are flat and rocky. The bathing season runs from May through October.


Anapa is a coastal hillside, the climatic resort of the Mediterranean kind. It comprises resorts and zones – Anapa, Blagoveshchenskoye, Pemluk, Vityazevo, Dzimet, Soko-be. Ulrich. Anapa resort is situated in the northwestern portion of a vast resort zone along the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory, a plain steppe region surrounded by the sea. The length of the beaches is between 60 and 400 meters and spans more than 40 kilometers on the Black Sea coast. The bottom of the sea is smooth and sandy. In the summer, the typical day of sunshine is longer than 10 hours. The annual average of days with sun is around 280. This results in the warming of beaches with sandy shores and the waters in the coastal portion of the ocean during the summer and autumn season. The swimming season in Anapa generally begins around the close of May and runs through October. Sea baths, along with the sun, air, and sand baths, together with mud therapy Semigorsk Iodine-bromine water, and hydrochloric mineral water, alkaline and saline are the primary therapies that offer the best amount of vivacity. The climate and natural conditions in the area around Anapa permit the cultivation of the most effective therapeutic grapes rich in vitamins, glucose, and mineral salts.


Caucasian Mineral Water

In the area of Caucasian Mineralnye Vody are numerous incredible places that captivate visitors due to the stunning splendor of nature, climate, natural and historical landmarks, and interesting tourist routes. Tourists are drawn to these areas due to the proximity of mountain peaks, amazing mountain valleys with lush vegetation, alpine meadows that are fresh with azure-blue azure waterfalls that can be heard, rapid transparent rivers, abundant mineral springs that are exceptionally clear, cool, and always clean air that is full of phytoncides, and a sour smell. Of needles and resin. Exciting are the locations that are associated with those greats of Russian literature, including M. Yu. Lermontov, AS Pushkin, LN Tolstoy, and others.


Narzanov Valley

Narzanov Valley is located 34 kilometers south of Kislovodsk in the foothills of the Rocky Mountain Range in the Greater Caucasus, in the valley of the Khasut River (a tributary of the Malka River, which flows into the Terek) located at 1300 meters above sea level, at the border between Stavropol and the Kabardino Balkarian Autonomous State. The road that connects Kislovodsk to the Narzanov Valley runs along the Kabardian ridge that is rich with meadows and through the Kichy-Balyk village (small fish), and then on the Permet plateau. After descending to the river of the Khasot River, a stunning view of Elbrus unfolds with a spectacular view of its size and beauty. Narzanov Valley is bordered on the north by the rocky and picturesque hills of the Rocky Mountain Range, on the south by the slopes of the Kharbaz Range, on the east by a rocky ridge, and to the west is a dry ridge, and on the west by Khasut the River Valley. The entrance to the Narzanov Valley from the Bermamyt plateau there is a hotel called “Valley of Narzanov,” with a cafe, a restaurant, and a store. The area is home to seventeen Narzan mineral water sources in the Narzanov Valley. The waters they use belong to the calcium chloride and sodium hydrocarbons with a mineralization range of up to 3.3 grams per liter and a carbon dioxide concentration reaching 2.2 grams per liter. The temperature of the water ranges from 10.4 degrees Celsius to 10.4 degrees Celsius. The water is thickly sucked by carbon dioxide, and the flow of the water is stained a dark rust color due to iron hydroxide.

The climate of the Narzanov Valley is temperate continental. The winters are warm and have a fluctuating snow cover. The average temperature in January is -5 degrees Celsius. The summer is hot and often rainy. The average temperature during August is around 20° Celsius. The precipitation averages 700 millimeters each year. The long duration of sunlight (more than 2000 hours annually), as well as a significant number of days with sunshine, particularly during winter and autumn, and with high air transparency, creates an environment that is uncommon for healing properties.

The topography in the Narzanov Valley, and the features of the mountain scenery that are distinguished by their stunning beauty, is portrayed. Subalpine meadows forests, mineral springs, and the river is all present. In the Narzanov Valley, there is a way to the mineral springs that are warm Dzhily-Su, which are located near the base of Elbrus, and later to Baksan via Kyrtyk-Aush. Then, from the Tarzan Valley, you can go to the waterfalls along the Khasut and Almusht rivers, and then to the river’s mouth, the Malacca up, and on to Lahren up to the edge of Harbaz. The favorable climate conditions permit trekking and excursions in the Narzanov Valley nearly throughout the year.



Dombay is a climatic area situated in a mountain basin located at the base of the northern slopes of the central ridge river basin of Greater Caucasus, at an elevation of 1600 meters above sea level, located at the intersection of the Amanauz Dombay-Ulgen, Dombay as well as the Alibek rivers, which is 115 km to the south of Dzheguta railway station and 26 km to the south from the town of Teberda. Dombai Glade is located on the property that is part of the Teberdinsky Reserve. Dombay is also known as”the “Heart of the Mountains.” Dombay is situated in a mountain region that is covered by coniferous forests, most notably Fir. Dark coniferous forests, emerald green alpine meadows rumbling waterfalls, rivers, endless glaciers, and snow create the distinctive beauty of the region. The majestic beauty of Dombay is bordered by mountains all around. The highest peak is Mount Dombay Ulgen (killed bull, 4046m) is surrounded by endless glaciers and snow. On the opposite part of the Dombay glass is the tetrahedral peak of the Belly-Kaya mountain (striped mountain) which is surrounded by sizeable translucent quartz veins. To the left are the teeth of black Sofruju (watershed). Deep in the valley, the imposing walls of Amanos are visible. In the background is the multi-peaked ridge Dzhuguturlu Chata (abode to tours), The top point is Ine (Igla).


The climate of Dombay basin Dombay basin is somewhat continental and has a significant amount of sunny days as well as a large number of ultraviolet rays, as well as very fresh air. The winter can be long, with the average temperature of January being -5 degrees Celsius to 7 deg C. The snow depth is as high as 1.5 meters. The summer is cold, and the average temperature in July is 13 deg Celsius. During the year, there are 100-1000 millimeters of rain. The time of day is 1420 hours a year. The mountain climate is used to treat climatic issues all through year.

Tourism agents and physiotherapy.

Mineral water that is brought to the surface through drilling, is carbonate hydrocarbon, sodium chloride, and calcium, and can contain up to 2.2 grams per liter of carbon dioxide and as high as 50 mg/l of sialic acid, which is an effective natural healer. Dombay is the central hub for climbing and tourism throughout the Caucasus. The tourist center was established in 1925. For vacationers and skiers on the slopes of Mount Musa Achitara (Kovare Range), Two-seater cable car that has around 1900 meters, as well being as two towing cable cars, are located. The ski area and a hotel at the foot of Mount Musa Achitara. Then, in the Alibek River Gorge, located at the glacier, base lies Alibek Ski Base. Alibek skiing base.



Teberda is situated at an altitude between 1260 and 1300 meters above sea level, in the valley that forms the Teberda River, at the intersection between the Gamagat and Moho rivers. Teberda is considered to be a resort city and a location to go on a tour. The Teberlinskaya tourist center is the base for the tourist routes that not only traverse the boundaries within the Teberdinsky Reserve but also go to other areas. The most well-known are the Shumka waterfall Narzan springs within the Gorali-Kul river gorge, which runs around Kelbashi (peak over the lake) up to the summits that are part of the Lysaya as well as Malaya Khatibara mountains, to Baduk, Murundzhinsky, Khadzhibiysky, and Azgeksky lakes, to Klukhorsky Pass, Dombay glade, Alibek, and many more places. In the basin, the Tiberda River is among the areas of the reserve state-owned, which was established in 1936. The total area of the account is 69.5 thousand acres. The northern border of the reserve extends along its Muhu as well as the Jamaat rivers and along the river’s watershed lines of the Main Caucasus Range from the Klukhor-Bashi’s summit until the summit of Dzhalov Chat. Arkhyz forests within areas of the Bolshoi Zelenchuk River basin are part of the Teberdinsky Reserve. The glaciers are located in 85 of the area. A Teberdinsky Reserve Museum is organized within the resort’s boundaries. The most prominent representatives of the reserve’s animals reside here in enclosures such as Caucasian Red Deer, Roe, brown bear, wild boar marten, Caucasian ornithologist and a sizeable Caucasian weasel forest cat, and many more. The birds that live there are woodpeckers and bullfinches eagles, bullfinches, hawks, and golden eagles.


healing factors

The primary therapeutic benefits present in Teberda Resort are the mild climate, which aids in climatic treatment all year round, and the mineral water. The favorable climatic conditions of Teberda have attracted interest from medical experts. In 1910 the Congress of Russian Physicians decided on the necessity of an in-depth study of the geophysical and meteorological aspects of the Tiberda Valley to establish a mountain climate resort. In 1925, the first sanatorium specifically for patients suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis was established. Private dacha. Later, several sanatorium buildings were constructed.



Arkhyz is a climatic retreat and recreation zone within the valley of Bolshoy Zelenchuk River (a tributary of the Kuban River), at an altitude of 1450m, located on the Arkhyz outpost of the Teberdinsky Reserve. The region is stunning with its surrounding steep and high mountain ranges that include Mount Sofia (3638m), Chinet Chat (2940m), and Uzum Hills. Arkasara, Abishira-Akhuba, Ekhresku (average elevation 2500m), Kusaya Mountain (2749m), etc. The area is extensively divided by a tangled system of rivers. The primary water source is the Bolshoi Zelenchuk River with its numerous tributaries, Sofia, Belaya, and others. Within the area of Arkhyz, there are more than 60 lakes in the mountains of exceptional beauty. A memorable impression is created with the Sofia glacier. Twelve waterfalls flow down at an altitude of 120 meters.


Animals and plants.

Arkhyz Valley is rich in vegetation. Over 140 species of plants and trees can be found in the valley. Massive pine forests and unspoiled forest fir massifs, are protected within the protected zone. The ancient patriarch is located on the upper banks of the Kizik River. In the trees that are found in the area, there are unusual plants like laurel cherry, Caucasian mulberry, Caucasian fir, and so on. A stifled birch surrounds the upper part of forest land. It is replaced by dense clumps of Rhododendrons as well as lush meadows. Further up are the fields in the alpine zone, which extends to the edge of the eternal glaciers and snows. The valley is home to Caucasian deer, bear, roe deer bison, chamois, the wild boar, and wolf Hare, lynx squirrel, wild cat, etc. The bird population is more than 120, including rare species of particular interest such as the black vulture and golden vulture, griffon vulture, and bearded vulture.



One of the distinctive features that are unique to this region Arkhyz region is its favorable climate, which is continental and moderately temperate. The mountain ranges can shield the valley from winds. The valley is always calm and wind-free. The average temperature for January is -5 degrees Celsius. The snow cover is present from December through March. Spring arrives late and cold and unpredictable weather. The summers are moderately warm, and the mean monthly temperature is between 14 and 16 degrees Celsius in July. The autumn is dry, long, and bright. Many sunny days, clear air, and moderately humid create favorable conditions for the treatment of climate. Within the Arkhyz Valley, carbonated mineral water was extracted and brought to the surface. It is also utilized for medicinal purposes.

Arkhyz is the beginning point for many tourist routes, including into the valleys that form the Sofia, Kyzhik, and Akhyz rivers, as well as The “Devil’s Mill” trail, to the Sofiysky and Arkasar lakes and waterfalls that flow through the passes of Main Caucasus mountain range, to Teberda, Dombay and other areas of Western as well as Central Caucasus. The climate, the abundance of snow, and relief aid in the growth of ski resorts in Arkhyz. Arkhyz region. The Bolshoi Zelenchuk River Valley is full of natural beauty but also in. Many tribes and populations have inhabited the valley for a long time, changing and replacing each other. Among them are the Scythians and Sarmatians. Meots, Huns, Alans and Bulgars. Byzantines, Arabs, Cumans, Tatars, Adygs, and so on. The area is a treasure trove of history. In Arkhyz, you will find the ruin of the ancient settlements and temples from the X-XI century incredible architectural monuments.


Baksan George

It is believed that the Baksan Gorge is the famous Gorge in the Central Caucasus, leading to the base of Mount Elbrus. The path to this Gorge first traverses the shady area of the pasture, and then it then crosses the Rocky Mountain Range through the villages of Zhankhoteko, and Lashkuty, after which the landscape is made more appealing. Walls of transparent gray and yellow-whitish limestone hang on one side, while on the other side, the Baksan River is roaring down into a high cliff. In the ShattBuat strait lies one of the parts in the depression’s northern part, an expansive sun-filled valley. To the west of Bailey Village, the valley gets smaller, and the mountains surrounding it gets steeper and higher. The contours of the hills are more robust and sharp. Here, the Baksan Strait is crossed by the Caucasus Side Range, composed of dark crystal rocks. Outside Tyrnyauz, the route is surrounded by pine forest. From here, you can begin the most stunning section of the way. The road ends in Terskol, a village. Terskol is located near the base of Elbrus. The road starts to climb to Elbrus and the other mountains. In there, the Baksan gorge, you will access the stunning Adyr-Su Gorge, which is situated at the top of the main ridge (dividing) with the peaks of Ullu Tauchen (4203 meters), Cheget-Tau-Chan (4100 m) and other mountains. Many rivers run down it Icy. In the Adyr Su Valley, within a pine forest close to the glaciers, are two climbing camping areas, Jayla and Ullu-Tau. In the Baksan Gorge, there is a way to the stunning valleys Adil-Su, Irik, Itkol, Yusengi, and Donguz-Orun. Terskol et al. an incredible perspective of Elbrus from the base to its summits is accessible from Itkul Gorge. In it, the Baksan Gorge, there is a way to the gorgeous valleys Adil-Su, Irik, Itkol, Yusengi, and Donguz-Orun. Terskol et al. A spectacular perspective of Elbrus from its foot to its summits is accessible from Itkul Gorge. Then, from The Baksan Gorge, there is a route to the stunning valleys Adil-Su, Irik, Itkol, Yusengi, and Donguz-Orun. Terskol et al. A spectacular panorama of Elbrus from its foot to its peaks is available at Itkul Gorge. Skull Gorge.


The Elbrus region has multiple-story hotels “Itkol,” and “Cheget.” Azo. One of the most easily accessible, beautiful, and well-known canyons include Adil-Su, and Shkhelda. The beautiful mountains of these gorges are covered in snow and beckoning with their stunning beauty. In the Baksan Strait, the forest extends to Azau Glacier (2300m). The upper parts of the Baksan Strait are surrounded from the north and south by a mountain range of snow that is the source of many glaciers’ slipping. A considerable campsite is located in the town of Terskol. In Azau Square, you can ascend the cable car pendulum to Stary Krugozor (2960m) and Mir Station (3500m). Two lifts will transport skiers to the summit of Cheget. The top lift, “Cheget-11,” is at an altitude of 3100m.

amusement park

The indiscriminate nature of tourism has already destroyed many unique areas of wilderness. So, the recreational process is to be managed as a type of management of wildlife. The preservation and development of specifically designated natural habitats (parks) are among the main goals of the state’s eco- and recreation policies that are a part of the Russian Federation. The protected natural areas are created to protect unique and distinctive landscapes, wildlife, and flora and preserve cultural and natural heritage places. If they are cut off entirely or partially from commercial use, They are subject to a unique protection system, and protected areas or neighborhoods that have a plan of economic activity could be established within the surrounding waters and on land. Protected natural areas are national heritage objects.

The following are the major types of these regions:

Natural reserves of the State, including biosphere reserves

National parks;

Natural gardens

Natural reserves of the State.

Nature effects.

The Arboreal Parks and Botanical Gardens;

Areas and health resorts.

In this project, we will concentrate on national parks, arboreal, nature, and botanical gardens. National parks. National parks are declared as lands that comprise natural complexes as well as items of particular aesthetic, historical, and ecological significance, whose purpose is to protect the environment for scientific, educational, and organized tourism.


The system of a national state parks in the Russian Federation began to form quite recently, and only recently since the first park national in the Russian Federation, “Sochi,” was established in 1983, “Alania,” in 1998 in the North Ossetia-Alania Republic. Natural parks. Natural parks with regional significance are a relatively new type of protected natural area in Russia. Natural parks are eco-friendly recreational areas under the authority of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, territories (water areas) that comprise natural complexes and objects with a high aesthetic and ecological worth, intended to be used for educational, environmental, and recreation purposes.

Botanical trees and gardens.

According to the Federal Law “On Specially Protected Natural Areas,” botanical gardens and tree parks are an entirely distinct category of items with a different operating and protection regime. Recently, the number of trees and botanical gardens has grown in Russia principally because of parks located on the property of resorts and recreation facilities.


Botanical Garden of Kuban State University 15.51972 Krasnodar

Botanical Garden of Kuban State Agrarian University 73.01959 Krasnodar

Botanical Garden of the Pyatigorsk Pharmaceutical Academy 8.51949 Pyatigorsk

Arboretum of the Caucasian Research Institute Gorlesekol 10.01892 Sochi

Botanical Garden “White Nights” 8.51982 Sochi

Stavropol Botanical Garden NPO “Neva Stavropol” 113.71959.63 Stavropol

State farm nursery “Gyaginsky” 140.01971

Krasnodar Territory,

Potter’s Colony

Mountain Botanical Garden RAS 30.01986 Makhachkala

The gardens themselves may be divided into themes. They are forests or parks of culture as well as recreational parks, resort parks, and resorts. Take this as an example of resorts located in Caucasian Mineral Waters. Caucasian Mineral Waters.

In the resorts of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, much focus is given to landscaping. It was found that the State Research Institute of Mineral Hydrology discovered that the forests in the area in which the mineral waters originate are a significant factor in the increase of the rate of flow in the springs. The Soviet government decided to establish mechanized forest areas in resorts within the Caucasus Mineralnye Vody to expand the areas of plantations that are u200bu200bgreen, manage them, and safeguard them from the threat of mineral springs that feed them. Three mechanized forests exist within the KVM resorts: Kislovodsky (forest cover area 13,126 ha), Yessentuksky (3,515 ha) as well as Beshtaugorsky (12,306 square kilometers). The forest plantations cover the valleys and valleys that form the streams from the Bermet plateau, the outcrops of the Dzinalsky mountain range and The Burgstan plateau, and the hillsides of the Lakolith mountains of Mashuk, Beshtau, Zheleznaya, Razvalka, and others. The park is connected to the areas for resorts of Pyatigorsk in the Pyatigorsk region and Zheleznovodsk, with greenery that runs throughout the.

Beshtaugorsky Forest Park.

Beshtaugorsk Forest Park has been declared a natural reserve. It is a preferred walk, recreation, and return destination for locals and tourists in the resort areas. It is the biggest in the region. The primary tree species that inhabit the park include the ash (53 percent), Hornbeam (20 percent) as well as oak (17 percent), Beech (7 7 percent) conifers, walnut and conifers planted. The birch trees are used for ornamental purposes. The mountain slopes’ laccoliths stand out in the botanical landscape. The upper portion of Mount Beshtaw is occupied by meadow steppes located on the northern slope, close to the sub-meadows. You can see gorgeous primrose bell saxifrage Rhododendron – azalea blood-red geranium and alpine clover, Austrian snakehead, and meadowsweet. The slopes of the mountains are drooping birch, the mountain ash Caucasian sweet suckle, and gooseberry, as well as blackberry, raspberry, hawthorn, dogwood, and hazel. The rare plant species of the region is proleskovidnaya pushkinia. It is a monoecious Lily and arched bird. The Caucasian oak tree, hardwood sweet carnation, white-leaved crocus. The plants all have special protection. Within the boundaries that are part of Beshtaugorsky Forest Park, there is the small Perkalsky nursery which was established in 1879. Over 800 shrubby, woody, and herbaceous plants can be found in this area. In the Bshetogur forest park, Bshetogur is a variety of sanatoriums for the children “Solnechny,” “Salute” Children’s health centers “Solnechny,” Salyut, Lermontov, “Rainbow,” “Eagle Rocks,” health tracks, walking trails as well as recreation areas and there are also retail stores and food establishments.

Recreational tourism is a variety of types.

The most popular kind that is leisure travel is called health tourism. In the beginning, this kind of travel is linked to the person’s desire to improve his overall health. The traveler aims to undergo hygiene or rehabilitation processes and activities.

Travelers can visit the health spa and receive treatment using natural mineral waters. Numerous areas of healing mud are found in the region where private Sanatoriums and resorts are being constructed, which have their wellness programs based on the mud treatment. Based on the climate and natural environment, the health resorts are classified into mountains, forest,s and beaches. Mountain resorts are found in the hills away from the ocean, while beaches are generally situated in the coastal region.

Some resorts combine and sanatoriums for instance, located within the coastal zone. They also offer mineral water. The majority of these sanatoriums are to be situated in Sochi. Sochi region.

The second sub-type of leisure tourism is those that combine for educational purposes. The people who take an educational tour plan to participate in numerous excursions and expand their perspectives.

Tourists seek to learn about the distinctive features unique to the dialect, the way of life, and the customs of a specific population, and this is called ecotourism. If the tour consists of visits to holy sites and trains that take you to the Holy Land, then this is considered a pilgrimage.

The further classification is determined by how the tourist travels the foot, in a car, or by car. This kind of travel is known as sports. The principal goal that the tourist pursues is sports for walking. Walking is a game, but not for people who have a car or ski.

Self-tourism is a type of travel in an automobile. As an example, suppose you travel traveling from Kaluga to Moscow in an car. To see the sights of architecture, you’re engaged in constructing caravanserai. Motorized tourism is the travel of motorbikes. Cycling tourism can be described as a biking journey, but you cannot ride it. Water tourism is when you travel on boats, yachts, or sailboats. Equestrian tourism is the journey to another town or village riding on horses. Ski tourism – the goal of this kind of tourism is to be able to ski while also getting to explore the architecture of some monuments or take in the beauty of nature and its surroundings. The hiking experience includes walking. We, for instance, gathered an entire group of travelers and went on an excursion around Kaluga to chat about the places to see. Tourism in the mountains and mountain hiking using the appropriate equipment and equipment. Cave tourism is also known as hidden tourism. It is when a tourist goes to caves for specific educational or sporting purposes. The sport is because exploring the cave requires overcoming numerous physical barriers, natural obstacles, and hurdles. When entering the cave, the visitor must be equipped with the proper equipment (ropes and hooks, and more).

In sports tourism, the term “extreme tourism” is used to define it. It is not difficult to conclude that it’s connected to extreme sports which generally poses a risk to your health and lifestyle. Extreme tourism is diving and rafting, jeeping mountain tourism, and much more. Extreme sports tourism is digestive. Excavators typically participate in the research of underground constructions and buildings like sewers or subways. They can become diggers due to simple curiosity or the desire to explore some unusual location and dig for educational and scientific reasons. Many diggers work in salvaging, repairing, etc., things. The term “mountain tourism” means that an individual with a massive backpack with all the gear is bound to climb mountains such as Everest. The most well-known type of travel is jeepneys, particularly in mountainous regions. The primary purpose of jeepneys is the ability to travel along the highway. If you opt for a jeep, you must be prepared to travel through forests or deserted areas in towns and cities across rivers, etc. In the United States, the majority of jeeps are throughout regions like Sochi, Novorossiysk, and Lazarevsky regions. Anyone who has been to any of the tourist destinations in Turkey and Egypt is familiar with the type of tourism that includes diving. Diving is the process of putting the body of a person with special equipment and equipment that is submerged. When you are immersed, you will experience the tranquility of the sea or ocean and catch fish around you and other living creatures on the ocean floor.

The leisure type that is combined tourism is the combination of a variety of kinds of tourism into one. For instance, you landed on a boat or someplace, then took walks, took a horse for a ride, and went on excursions, after which you took a rental car and drove back. This is an excellent example of combined tourism.

Furthermore, leisure tourism is divided into subtypes based on the objectives of those who travel for sports, agriculture, cultural, safari and food and education and religious, and many other kinds. Let’s a review a few subtypes.

Hajj or Islam can separate religious tourism. The travelers who adhere to the principles of the principles, guidelines, and principles in Hajj or Islam are placed in hotels that are suitable with the proper food and services and include visits to sites that fit the spirit of the holy sites. For instance, in the case of those who are Muslim food, it must be prepared by halal, and there should be no alcohol within hotels, pools, and beaches for women and men.

If the person who travels has an interest in sports, any sport tourism are possible to include in the trip. For instance, riding a bicycle or motorbike, climbing mountains with mountain equipment (mountain tourism) or driving a car (jeep), and many more.

Agritourism – Tourists can spend their time exploring the countryside, staying in the privacy of a home or an estate. Tourists must work alongside the owner of the house as well as take part in the activities of their village, assist in the household chores, etc. Some people compare rural tourism to rural tourism. This kind of tourism is very advanced across Italy in addition to Spain.

Ecotourism is a way to visit areas such as natural reserves, nature parks, and other protected objects. Eco-friendly is related to the fact that the locations that tourists visit are away from the large cities of industrialization which there is some form of production. For instance, when you visit Lake Baikal, you will not be able to find piles of trash and other garbage in big cities everywhere.

We all know that safaris are linked initially to hunting. Today, safaris are being conducted by car and hunting wild animals. This type of tourism is prevalent in Africa. Safaris can also include hunting with an experienced hunter.

Tourism realism is a form of tourism where travelers are immersed at the highest level within the tradition and culture of the country where they temporarily reside. Travel agents must offer tourists and travelers the highest quality of living conditions, provide visitors with the best level of security, and create an atmosphere of comfort.

Medical tourism can be divided into childbirth tourism and health tourism. Health tourism is going to a place to enhance your mental and physical health. Traveling there will be different medical procedures, massages, or other treatments. The term “childbirth tourism” implies that you go to another country to get pregnant, have babies, and, if required, rectify health issues; either you or your spouse go to a different country to address the issue of infertility.

Gastronomic tourism is when tourists travel to different countries to discover their cuisine. While on tour, visitors can taste a variety of food items such as wines, fruits, berries, and other items. Discover the nation’s food items.

The concept of touring or cognitive tourism is linked to the interests of the brain tourist. Tourists can travel to diverse cities, countries, or tourist spots, as well as architectural landmarks, to expand their horizons and learn about cities and cities other than the ones he is familiar with. If a tourist is awed by an area or town and visits it at least once, it is already an emotional (but educative) kind of tourism.

Cultural tourism is a part of the study of the cultural aspects of a specific nation. People are drawn to literature and books or music, or the dialect or language of a particular group of people. Following the above, the concept of cultural tourism is divided into the book or speech. Everybody can divide culture tourism according to their preferences. For instance, those who love landscapes and painting can distinguish between art history tourism and tourist culture, for example.

We can now proceed to classify the different types of tourism according to the landscape and geography of the region.

This also includes mountain tourism, which was previously mentioned. Tourists who are mountain tourists stay in areas of mountainous terrain and take many different adventures and hiking in the area.

Jailoo refers to tourism, where travelers are forced to travel to places without electricity, plenty of communication, or the Internet. In short, areas that haven’t been severely impacted by civilization.

Industrial tourism refers to a trip to the surrounding area, structures, and production facilities to satisfy the mind. A lot of people love exploring abandoned houses or visiting a factory, and others may be attracted by the remoteness of towns. Through industrial tourism, the visitor will not only feel a sense of fulfillment but also fulfill his research needs if there are any.

Forest tourism is evident to all who are interested in that it has to do with hiking in the forests and staying in homes or huts located within the forest park.

Rural tourism – tourists stay in tiny hotels and private companies to study and learn about the daily life of locals, the attractions of the region, and so on. Rural tourism is closely linked to agritourism, as mentioned earlier.

Cave tourism, as mentioned earlier, is connected to the exploration and study of caves.

Tourism classifications differ by method of travel for travelers. This rating will nearly duplicate the rating for tourism for sports.

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